Feedback is information you receive about your performance. It is best to be given feedback immediately while it is still fresh in your mind, so that you can alter your performance of the skill and make it better. For feedback to be effective it should only involve one or two pieces of specific information, so that the performer does not get confused and can focus on one particular point. Feedback should be precise, accurate and positive.

Internal and external feedback

Feedback can have a big effect on practice situations. There are two types:

  • Internal (or kinaesthetic) feedback is what you feel during or after you have performed or practised the skill. Your feelings provide you with information about your performance and can be very valuable in helping you to analyse it. For example you might say "I felt that I sliced across the ball in my golf swing and the ball veered off the left."
  • External

    There are many different examples of external feedback

    • Verbal - given by a teacher/observer after watching your performance. Telling you points to improve and points you have done well. An example of this would be, "My coach told me I had to straighten my legs during my cartwheel."
    • Written - given by your teacher/observer and is available for you to look at, normally an observation sheet. An example of this would be, "my partner had ticked a box to identify that I was not standing side on when performing an overhead clear."
    • Visual - watch model performance or video and watch your own performance to see strengths and weaknesses. An example of this would be, "I was videoed when performing my gymnastics routine so I could watch it back to identify weaknesses."
    • Knowledge of results - scores and results or where the ball/shuttle goes. An example of this would be, "I saw that my badminton long serve was landing in the middle of my opponents court enabling my opponent to play an attacking shot."

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